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Gandhi (1982)

aka Gandhi

"His Triumph Changed The World Forever."

Directed By: 
Written By: 
Details: 191 mins · English · PG (USA)

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gave

Good

A facinating movie about a fantastic historical person - Ben Kingsley is amazing as Gandhi.

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Cast:

Small Mahatma Gandhi
Small Kasturba Gandhi
Small Margaret Bourke-White
Small Pandit Nehru
Small Nahari
Small Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
No_movie_poster Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Small Vince Walker
Small Khan
Small Reverend Charlie Andrews
Small General Dyer
Small Mirabehn
Small Colin
Small Lord Irwin
Small Judge Broomfield
Small Lord Chelmsford
No_movie_poster General Jan Christiaan Smuts
Small Zia
No_movie_poster Dr. Herman Kallenbach
No_movie_poster Gopal Krishna Gokhale
No_movie_poster Ramsay MacDonald
Small Daniels
Small The Viceroy
No_movie_poster Zia
Small Tyeb Mohammed
No_movie_poster
Small Khan
Small
No_movie_poster Hindu Youth in Calcutta Street
No_movie_poster Chauffeur
Small J.B. Kripalani
Small Manu
No_movie_poster Indian Barrister
No_movie_poster Police Superintendant

Crew:

No_movie_poster George Fenton Music
Small Richard Attenborough Director
No_movie_poster Stuart Craig Production Design
Small John Bloom Editor
No_movie_poster Michael Seirton Set Decoration
No_movie_poster John Briley Screenplay
No_movie_poster Ronnie Taylor Director of Photography
No_movie_poster Billy Williams Director of Photography
No_movie_poster Michael Stanley-Evans Executive Producer
Small Ravi Shankar Music
No_movie_poster Billy Williams Cinematography
Small Richard Attenborough Production
Small John Bloom Editing

Taglines:

"His Triumph Changed The World Forever."

"The Man of the Century. The Motion Picture of a Lifetime."

Plot:

The screenplay of Gandhi is available as a published book. The film opens with a statement from the filmmakers explaining their approach to the problem of filming Gandhi's complex life story:


The film begins with Gandhi's assassination on 30 January 1948, and his funeral. After an evening prayer, an elderly Gandhi is helped out for his evening walk to meet a large number of greeters and admirers. One of these visitors—Nathuram Godse—shoots him point blank in the chest. Gandhi exclaims, "Oh, God!" ("H? Ram!" historically), and then falls dead. The film then cuts to a huge procession at his funeral, which is attended by dignitaries from around the world.


The early life of Gandhi is not depicted in the film. Instead, the story flashes back 55 years to a life-changing event: in 1893, the 24-year-old Gandhi is thrown off a South African train for being an Indian sitting in a first-class compartment despite having a ticket. Realizing the laws are biased against Indians, he then decides to start a non-violent protest campaign for the rights of all Indians in South Africa. After numerous arrests and unwelcome international attention, the government finally relents by recognising some rights for Indians.


After this victory, Gandhi is invited back to India, where he is now considered something of a national hero. He is urged to take up the fight for India's independence (Swaraj, Quit India) from the British Empire. Gandhi agrees, and mounts a non-violent non-co-operation campaign of unprecedented scale, co-ordinating millions of Indians nationwide. There are some setbacks, such as violence against the protesters and Gandhi's occasional imprisonment. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is also depicted in the film.


Nevertheless, the campaign generates great attention, and Britain faces intense public pressure. After World War II Britain finally grants Indian independence. Indians celebrate this victory, but their troubles are far from over. Religious tensions between Hindus and Muslims erupt into nation-wide violence. Gandhi declares a hunger strike, saying he will not eat until the fighting stops.


The fighting does stop eventually, but the country is divided by religion. It is decided that the northwest area of India, and eastern part of India (current day Bangladesh), both places where Muslims are in the majority, will become a new country called Pakistan. It is hoped that by encouraging the Muslims to live in a separate country, violence will abate. Gandhi is opposed to the idea, and is even willing to allow Muhammad Ali Jinnah to become the first prime minister of India, but the Partition of India is carried out nevertheless.


Gandhi spends his last days trying to bring about peace between both nations. He thereby angers many dissidents on both sides, one of whom assassinates him in a scene at the end of the film that recalls the opening.


As Godse shoots Gandhi, the film fades to black and Gandhi is heard in a voiceover, saying "Oh God". The audience then sees Gandhi's cremation; the film ending with a scene of Gandhi's ashes being scattered on the holy Ganga. As this happens, we hear Gandhi in another voiceover:


As the list of actors is seen at the end, the hymn "Vaishnava Janato" is heard.

Release Dates:

Theatrical : 1983-02-25 : United States of America

DVD : 2001-08-28