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The Dybbuk (Yiddish: Der Dibuk; Polish: Dybuk) is a 1937 Yiddish language Polish fantasy film drama directed by Micha? Waszy?ski. It is based on the play The Dybbuk by S. Ansky.
The Dybbuk, or Between Two Worlds (Yiddish: ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????) is a 1914 play by S. Ansky, relating the story of a young bride possessed by a dybbuk – a malicious possessing spirit, believed to be the dislocated soul of a dead person – on the eve of her wedding. The Dybbuk is considered a seminal play in the history of Jewish theatre, and played an important role in the development of Yiddish theatre and theatre in Israel. The play was based on years of research by Ansky, who traveled between Jewish shtetls in Russia and Ukraine, documenting folk beliefs and stories of the Hassidic Jews.
In 1937, the play, with some changes in the plot structure, was filmed by director Micha? Waszy?ski in Warsaw, starring Lili Liliana (de) as Leah, Leon Liebgold as Hannan (Channon, in the English-language subtitles), and Abraham Morewski (de) as Rabbi Azrael ben Hodos. The film adds an additional act before those in the original play: it shows the close friendship of Sender and Nisn as young men. Besides the language of the film itself, the picture is noted among film historians for the striking scene of Leah's wedding, which is shot in the style of German Expressionism. The film is generally considered one of the finest in the Yiddish language. The Dybbuk was filmed on location in Kazimierz, Poland, and at the Falanga Film Studios in Warsaw.